Having dry skin is often determined by the genetic factor; such skin has an impaired hydrolipidic film due to the reduced activity of sebaceous glands. As a result, the skin becomes matt and losses moisture more easily, causing a feeling of roughness to the touch and the formation of dry skin flakes.
The golden rule in dry skin care is to keep the skin’s moisture level balanced, combined with providing protection and occasional, gentle exfoliation.
DRY SKIN CHARACTERISTICS:
- delicate and visibly thin
- light yellow or light pink in colour
- dehydrated, possibly with noticeable dry skin flakes on its surface
- with blood vessels showing through the skin
- lacking elasticity; inadequate hydration may speed up the formation of wrinkles
HOW TO RECOGNISE DRY SKIN? ASK YOURSELF SEVERAL QUESTIONS:
- Is your skin matt and rough?
- Is it of light yellow or light pink colour?
- Does your skin feel uncomfortably tight after using soap and water?
- Is it free from blackheads?
- Do you often have a feeling of tightness across your face?
- If your answers are positive, you may have dry skin.
CAUSES OF SKIN DRYNESS:
An increase in skin dryness may be caused by both external and internal factors.
External factors may include:
- dry air emission (e.g. by air-conditioning)
- low ambient humidity
- using harsh detergents, which damage the hydrolipidic film (e.g. washing your face with soap)
- frequent washing and rubbing the skin dry (this way we rub the hydrolipidic film away and facilitate water loss from the epidermis)
- no sun and cold protection
- environmental pollution
Internal factors may include:
- disorders of the endocrine system
- genetic conditions (atopic eczema, psoriasis, underactive thyroid, diabetes)
- specific periods in life such as pregnancy, menopause, and age
- lifestyle, taking steroids, severe stress